Paul A. LaViolette
It took over 30 years to confirm a key thesis of the galactic superwave theory, but now incontrovertible evidence has been found. Observations of the active galaxy PDS 456 made with NASA's NuSTAR space telescope (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array), in operation since June 2012, and with the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton space telescope, now show the presence of an extremely high velocity wind moving outward isotropically away from the galaxy's center in all directions at up to 30% of the speed of light. Prior to this astronomers had assumed that the winds produced by active galactic cores issued primarily from their poles in the form of jets.
In my 1983 Ph.D. dissertation, I had argued against this model showing evidence that cosmic rays from active galactic cores (quasars, blazers, Seyfert galaxies, etc.) radiate in all directions, not just toward the poles and that the forward beaming of synchrotron radiation from ultra relativistic cosmic rays gives the illusion that they are confined as jets because due to beaming the cosmic rays coming almost directly toward us are the only ones whose radiation we are able to see. The misinterpretation by the astronomical community that the jet phenomenon is being produced by cosmic rays moving outward slowly in the form of a magnetized plasma had misled the astronomical community for years into thinking that jets are aligned almost perpendicular to our line of sight and that their cosmic rays and gas escape mainly from a galaxy's poles. The conventional theory had gas motion in the galaxy's disc moving primarily inward toward its center to feed its supermassive core (mistakenly construed to be a "black hole"). I have been challenging this model for 32 years, in my dissertation, in the 1987 journal paper: Cosmic ray volleys from the Galactic Center and their recent impact on the earth environment, in the book Earth Under Fire, and in various web postings:
PDS 456 is an active galaxy over 2 billion light years away (z = 0.18) whose core is going through a quasar phase emitting radiation at the rate of ~1047 ergs per second, a rate about 100 trillion times greater than our own galactic core. Using these new telescopes, astronomers were able to spectroscopically detect the emission and absorption features of high velocity iron atoms streaming away from its Galactic center along with other ionized gas. They discovered that these spectroscopic features matched what astronomers call a P Cygni profile, a spectroscopic blueshift/redshift signature produced by ionized gas streaming outwards in all directions in the form of a sphere or spherical shell. They observed the wind at around 700 AU from the Galactic core (~700 times the Sun-to-Earth distance) and observed that it spread outward over a solid angle of at least 2π, hence over at least half of the surface of the sphere, with the implication that it actually blew outward in all directions.
Quite likely they will be finding similar spherical wind outflows in other galaxies as well. This finding challenges the conventional view that these supermassive black holes are cores energized by in falling material. Because this group acknowledges that with a wind as strong as they are seeing (1046 erg/second) it would be impossible for material to fall into the core to fuel its observed emission. Black hole theorists side step this by suggesting that the "black hole's" activity was fired up at an earlier date when such a wind was absent and that now the presence of this wind will have a limiting effect to cause the black hole's activity to shut off. Such reasoning, in my opinion, is pure fantasy. The high velocity wind is there because the core is active, and the core is active not because material is falling into it, but because of its intrinsic energy production through spontaneous energy creation, the phenomenon of genic energy production predicted by subquantum kinetics and proven by numerous a posteriori observations.
These recent findings support the subquantum kinetics cosmology which has long proposed that most of the stars in galaxies are formed by matter expelled outward from a galaxy's core and that is why dwarf elliptical galaxies eventually adopt a spiral shape and then progressively grow in size. These findings then support the subquantum kinetics view of why there is a close correspondence between the mass of a galaxy's core (Mother star) and its total mass.
Another thing that comes from these findings is the realization that a galactic core explosion can have a direct effect on the billions of stars populating a galaxy's disc. It is but a small step to conclude from these observations of a galaxy 2 billion light years away, that the same occurs within our own Galaxy. That the core causes fierce winds to blow outward also through the disc of the Milky Way. Moreover it is but another small step to realize that these winds seen in PDS 456 are driven by radially propagating cosmic rays; i.e., a superwave, that spread out in all directions like this ionized iron wind, and that similar cosmic ray volleys have passed through our own galactic disc as well as through our Solar System.
Various media announcements about this discovery:
Technical papers and abstracts about this discovery:
Other confirmations of the superwave theory: