G2 Cloud Predicted to Approach Twice as Close to GC

Update to the Story on the G2 Cloud's
Approach to the Galactic Core

Paul LaViolette

Recent observations of the G2 cloud made in the near infrared at the Keck Observatory indicate that the G2 cloud will reach its closest approach to the Galactic center around mid March of 2014 instead of June of this year.  In their paper preprint, astronomers Phifer, et al. place the date of the G2 cloud's closest encounter with the Galactic core at somewhere between the end of January 2014 and the beginning of May 2014 with a median date of mid March.  Moreover they estimate that G2's orbit will take the cloud twice as close to the GC than previously thought.  The distance of closest approach is now predicted to be 130 astronomical units (AU) rather than 266 AU, as previously thought. See Astrobites Synopsis

The revised trajectory for the G2 cloud dramatically increases the chances that a star hidden within the cloud might have companion stars or planets ripped from it by tidal forces and ultimately consumed by the core.  Since tidal force varies as the inverse cube of distance from a massive celestial body, this means that the G2 cloud will be subjected to tidal forces 8.5 times greater than previously estimated.  Also since the radiation flux from the Galactic core varies as the inverse square of radial distance, the G2 cloud and its hidden star will be subject to a cosmic ray energy flux and galactic wind energy flux 4 times greater than previously supposed.  Another factor disrupting an embedded star or planet is the celestial body's internal genic energy flux which depends on the value of the ambient gravity potential.  If the G2 cloud is to approach twice as close to our Galaxy's supermassive core as had been previously thought, this will cause the genic energy output of embedded planets or stars at pericenter to be twice as large as had previously been estimated.   (More will be said about these mechanisms below.)

In a Starburst Foundation forum posting made last October, I had presented the possibility that the G2 cloud may harbor a jovian planet or brown dwarf, an idea that had also been suggested by Murray-Clay and Loeb.  They proposed that the G2 cloud may contain  an unseen low-mass star that is surrounded by a dust and debris accretion disc and that the material in this accretion disc has been evaporated to produce the enveloping G2 cloud as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation or because the accretion disc had been tidally disrupted by previous orbital encounters with the Galactic core.  The idea I proposed agrees with their idea of a low mass star or brown dwarf being present.  But I believe that the G2 cloud was generated because the contained star or planet has been expelling its atmosphere due to an enormous amount of internal heating it is currently undergoing.  Although some of the generated G2 nebula could have come from evaporation of a disc of material orbiting the star, I believe that the main contributor is the atmosphere of the embedded star or planet.

Currently, the idea that the G2 cloud may have an embedded mass has gained more widespread acceptance following the discovery that the cloud is very compact, only about 100 AU in length.  In fact this past March, astronomers Scoville and Burkert posted a paper in which they suggest that the G2 cloud may contain a 2 solar mass T Tauri star that is undergoing rapid mass loss, thereby generating the surrounding cloud.  T Tauri stars have inflated photospheres typically 2 to 4 times the size of our sun and can be up to an order of magnitude overly luminous.  Standard astronomical theory considers a T Tauri star to be an early type star that is accreting gas from its immediate environment to become a main sequence star.  But, it is generally recognized that the region within a few light years of the Galactic core is too disruptive to allow star formation and growth through gas accretion.  Scoville and Burkert do not address this problem.  They do not explain how in such a turbulent environment  a star could be surrounded by an accretion disc for long enough to allow it to develop into a T Tauri star.  In my opinion, their suggestion is correct that the embedded star could resemble a T Tauri star whose photosphere is very expanded, overly luminous and in the process of discharging a large quantity of gas.  However their suggestion that this process is fueled by matter accretion from a protoplanetary accretion disc, I believe, is off the mark.  The real cause of the generation of the G2 cloud is the star's entry into the unique Galactic core environment and the consequent stellar heating that occurs there.  It has nothing to do with the star accreting a disc of debris that it may have transported with it on its inward journey.

The T Tauri star idea that these astronomers have proposed in many respects resembles what I had suggested in my forum posting last October.  I had proposed that the G2 cloud may contain a brown dwarf having a mass of 50 Jupiter masses which has inflated to as much as 3 times the diameter of the Sun and is undergoing a high rate of mass loss as a result of the internal heating.  As I explained in my earlier posting, a star approaching the Galactic core would behave as a T Tauri star (would be radially expanded, overluminous, and outgassing its atmosphere to generate the surrounding G2 cloud) because of the enormous amount of genic energy it would be producing internally and because of the large cosmic ray flux it would be intercepting from the GC.  In fact, in my opinion, any star approaching close to the GC would be expected to outgas and generate a compact ionized gas cloud similar to the G2 cloud.  Of course, the genic energy concept is not widely known in mainstream science in spite of its predictive success.  But, knowledge of this mechanism makes all the difference in being able to understand what is currently transpiring within the G2 cloud, and what will continue to transpire as the G2 cloud approaches pericenter in March 2014.

Scoville and Burkert also suggest that the ion wind that is continuously emitted from the Galactic core impacts the G2 cloud and compresses it inward on this upwind side to form a bow shock around the star, the front of this shock reaching inward to as close as 13 AU from the embedded stellar mass.  They estimate the entire G2 cloud to have a length of 100 AU and to reside mostly on the downwind side of the star.  It should look similar to the cloud shown in this video below.

Animation showing a star with accretion disc embedded inside a knot of dust.

(courtesy of NASA and the James Webb Space Telescope)

 

Now, with the recent prediction that the G2 cloud should actually approach to within 130 AU of the core, we see that the cloud's diameter is about as large as its closest distance of approach to the core.  In the model of Scoville and Burkert, there is a 100% certainty that the cloud will become accreted onto the Galactic core.  They find that all gas in the G2 cloud that is lies more than 1 to 3 AU from the star will be tidally stripped away, resulting in an accretion of up to 0.1 earth masses onto the Galactic core.

I predict that the energy output and mass loss rate of the embedded star will rise substantially in the next 10 months as the G2 cloud approaches its orbital pericenter and will result in far greater accretion onto the core than predicted by Skoville and Burkert.  The total gas accretion onto the core may perhaps be as great as half an earth mass.  However, this alone would produce at most a 50% average rise in the energy output from the core (Sgr A*) over perhaps several months time.  As mentioned in my earlier posting, in 2001 the core was observed to produce a much larger magnitude increase in energy flux of about 3 fold over a period of one hour without any serious consequence to the Earth. 
[April 16, 2014 update: No rise in X-ray emission from the core has been detected as of now.  This implies that the cosmic ray and gas wind from the core is so intense that it prevents any of gas stripped away from the G2 cloud from falling into the core.]

The real danger is if the G2 cloud contains not one star, but two.  That is, there is the possibility that the cloud may harbor a close binary star system consisting of a primary star orbited by a lesser massive companion star or of a star orbitted by one or more jovian planets.  Current observations cannot exclude this possibility since dust obscuration prevents us from peering very deep into the G2 cloud.  This binary star/planetary system scenario would look something like that seen in the video below.  The dust and gas being dispersed to form the G2 cloud would be coming not only from a possible planetary disc around the star, but also from the central star itself and from any planets that may be orbiting it since planets would be actively expelling their atmospheres as well.

Animation showing a photo-evaporating debris-laden planetary disc that surrounds a star and generates its circumstellar nebula.  (courtesy of ESA and M. Kornmesser)

 

It is known that a very high percentage of stars in our Galaxy are either binary star systems or are single stars orbited by jovian planets.  Hence there is a high probability that the G2 cloud may harbor such a multi-body system.  If this is the case, there is the danger that the Galactic core may tidally strip away and consume the system's lower-mass companion star or one or more of the star's planets at the time of pericenter passage of the core.  For example, a one solar mass star similar to the Sun would have a tidal radius of 0.5  to 1 AU at its orbital pericenter which means that any stellar companions, planets, or debris orbiting at radii greater than this could be tidally stripped away from their orbit about the primary star and ultimately be pulled into the galactic core.

In the case where an entire 100 jupiter mass brown dwarf were to plunge into the Galactic core in one discrete event, the energy release would be equivalent to that released in a hypernova, the most powerful of known supernova exposions (~1053 ergs).  This could be enough to jump-start the Galactic core into a Seyfert state and generate a potentially lethal superwave.  If this amount of energy were delivered within the space of one day, this would release energy at the rate of 1048 erg per second, giving a luminosity one hundred thousand times greater than the cosmic ray luminosity estimated to currently be coming from Sgr A* (based on my estimate of 1043 ergs/s -- see Subquantum Kinetics), and equivalent to the luminosity radiated by the active core in a Seyfert galaxy.

We will know if such a scenario is going to occur by closely monitoring the G2 cloud.  As the cloud nears pericenter, if we see it appear to divide and spawn off a subcloud that begins rapidly accelerating directly toward the Galactic core, we will know this worst case scenario is about to occur.  This subcloud will contain within it the binary companion star or jovian planet that has been tidally stripped off from the parent star.  At this point  we will have about four to five months two months before its possible impact on the core, at which point an exceedingly bright gamma ray burst and cosmic ray spike will be detected on Earth, far greater than any we have seen until now.   The superwave will have arrived at our doorstep, possibly heralded by earthquakes occurring a few days before.
[April 16, 2014 update: The estimate previously given here of there being a two month delay from the date of cloud splitting until possible core impact was in error.  The best current estimate without doing actual simulations is 4.5 months.]

 

Stellar Heating Effects in the Vicinity of the Galactic Core

A one solar mass star that approaches to within 130 AU of the Milky Way's supermassive galactic core will be subject to a gravity potential field that is 1485 times the surface gravity potential that such a star would generate due to its own mass,  and about 186 times the average value of the gravity potential in its interior.  In a one solar mass star that is distant from the Galactic center, I have estimated that about 12% of its total energy output is in the form of genic energy, the remaining 88% arising from nuclear fusion.  When that same star is brought to within 130 AU of the Galactic core, its genic energy output will rise 186 fold causing it to exceed its former luminosity by 23 fold!   Due to this rise in luminosity, the star's diameter would expand until it reached perhaps 4 times its former size.

Figure 1 shows how the luminosity of a one solar mass star embedded within the G2 cloud would increase as it progressively approached its orbital pericenter.  The red curve is the star's excess luminosity due to its increase in genic energy output and the blue curve is the star's total excess luminosity where we add in also energy the star receives due to heating of its interior by incident Galactic core cosmic rays.

 star-lum

 If the embedded star were a 100 Jupiter mass red dwarf, its luminosity which normally would be about 0.09% of the sun's luminosity would soar 2,500 times to 2.3 solar luminosities.  So in this close vicinity to the Galactic core, stars would be rapidly losing their atmospheres, even if they were below their Eddington Limit.  In a forum posting made last October, I had warned of this stellar mass loss effect which could generate  large quantities of gas which could ultimately fall into the Galactic core.  The new orbital trajectory for the G2 cloud substantially enhances this danger.

61 Responses to G2 Cloud Predicted to Approach Twice as Close to GC

  1. Tone Percic says:

    Hello Paul!
    In case you missed, a quote from Betty Andreasson: "There is an even flow. There are waves that are being sent out. And there are old walls that need to be broken down."
    Raymond Fowler: The Andreasson Affair - The Documented Investigation of a Woman's Abduction Aboard a UFO, Wild Flower Press, Newberg, Oregon, 1994, page 139
    Regards,
    Tone Percic, Slovenia

  2. whoah this blog is magnificent i really like reading your posts.
    Keep up the great work! You understand, many people are hunting around for this info,
    you can aid them greatly.

  3. Jim says:

    Hi Dr LaViolette

    I'm not going to sit here and say I understand this - because I don't. I was curious if this has anything to do with a coming superwave or not.

    A Possible Time-Delayed Brightening of the Sgr
    A* Accretion Flow after the Pericenter Passage
    of G2 Cloud.

    "Since this B-field amplification enhances the synchrotron emission from the disk and the outflow, the radio and the infrared luminosity of Sgr A* is expected to increase around A.D. 2020."

    Original page is here with link to PDF:
    https://arxiv.org/abs/1702.07903

    PDF link is here:
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1702.07903.pdf

  4. Angel Wize says:

    I wasn't able to research this new subject that I recently came across so maybe you can answer a few questions that I have, please? I noticed someone said this G2 cloud had already passed, does this mean we are no longer in danger? If not, you claim it is being monitored, how close is it, do you have an estimation of when this will occur? From the sounds of it, this will be pretty bad, is there any way of surviving this type of event? Could this be what the French Foreign Minister was referring to when he said we had 500 days until climate Chaos leading up to september 23 2015? Finally, What will be the first signs of danger? Thx so much for your time

  5. Brent Dougherty says:

    Hello once again Dr, La Violette. I had asked some questions back in 2013 and now have some new ones. It looks like it has been a while since anyone has commented here... today while doing some research, I came across an article http://www.sott.net/article/294425-New-evidence-may-identify-mystery-object-at-Milky-Way-galaxys-core
    It didn't mention your name at all, but the gist was that based on recent observations of the G2 Cloud, they determined it must be a star... Well at least half of the field of scientists believe this.. Even if it is a star, or contains a star, it appears that it has survived perihelion and is on the way back out. To me, this means no Galactic Superwave. Am I correct on this issue? If I am correct, then the next thing that bothers me is that Marshall Masters, whom I have a lot of respect for his research, is using your name and your theories to explain the beginning of global catastrophes brought on by the solar system entering ours.
    I can see this happening, but then again, this should be happening rather soon and I am not aware of any threats of objects enter our Galactic Core anytime soon, or at least not anything large enough to create a powerful Galactic Superwave.. Could you please give any data that either supports my assumptions, or supports Marshall Master's information which has been received via channeled information?? Iso not doubt channeled information, yet I do question where it is coming from most of the time..

    • Paul LaViolette says:

      Do you mean "another solar system" entering ours? I never spoke of such a thing. Please correct Marshall Masters. That is his own theory.

      • Larry G. says:

        Dr. Laviolette,
        Other than the G2 Cloud, are there any other obvious sources for a Galactic Superwave that might impact us? Others have predicted a similar general scenario, (i.e. the Fatima and Garabandal prophecies). I just wondered if there is another likely suspect source for a Galactic Superwave? Also, is there any evidence that our government has any actual working deflection device?
        Thanks!

      • Brent Dougherty says:

        Yes that is his own theory, I asking you about the Galactic Superwave.. It seems to me that there is no such threat at this time correct?

  6. Pingback: INTERESTING! In 2003, scientists discovered what seemed to be a cloud of gas, termed G2, which should collide | Nesara Network

  7. axinosp says:

    a gamma ray burst has occurred in the Andromeda galaxy

    https://gist.github.com/ngoldbaum/1445c7371ee12417e77e

  8. DMA says:

    Heartfelt thanks to Dr. Paul LaViolette's decisions in life to explore where his higher self prompted him, it would seem, and then to share with humanity his findings. "Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house." Matthew 5:15

    Yes, I also just heard Dr. LaViolette's interview with John Wells at Caravan to Midnight, episode 40 from April 11 '14.

    I've spent some hours today scanning Dr. Laviolette's etheric.com website, the many categories of research, and youtube postings for further study on my part. YES, from the website's many publications listed, I've highlighted for myself a few for starters. Being a musician, of course the pedagogical understanding of the creative learning process described as feeling tone theory, perhaps parallels memory formed by emotional experience.

    These past six months, I came across the Electric Universe, and Thunderbolts Project online. My interest in the ancient sacred most closely aligned with the Symbols of an Alien Sky, that accompany the Thunderbolts of the Gods youtube presentation.

    Given the oncoming G2 Cloud prediction, it seems that Wal Thornhill could learn more with Dr. LaViolette. The March 2014 EU Conference in Albuquerque should have featured LaViolette's G2 Cloud discussion. I have no idea whether Dr. Thorhill has already made contact with Dr. LaViolette; I'd hope he'd have included LaViolette's work in his own studies -- seems obvious that he would have. If not yet, I wonder whether either scientist will contact the other, make the first move. It would benefit the public access to being AWARE of such magnificent research were etheric.com "more sites of interest" to consider whether Wal Thornhill's work and David Talbott's deserve mention by link. (I visited your link to 21st Century Radio, glad to know of it and have the link to Hieronimus & Co archive.)

    Of the G2 Cloud, thank you for the postings of your insights, Dr. LaViolette. And thank you for the link to the Milan Russian Orthodox Priest Avondios. My memory doesn't pull up verse, but Startpage does; Luke 23:30, Revelation 6: 8, 12-17 warn that the earth's inhabitants would cry for the mountains to fall upon them to cover them from tribulations as most are laid waste. Kyrie Eleison.

  9. Tom Spanne says:

    I listened to you on John B. Well's Caravan 2 Midnight. Your contact with the prognosticator concerning Galactic Core Explosions and G2 Cloud theory jells with a Catholic prophesy of 3 days of Darkness. It is said if anyone venture outside during this period they will perish. We are told to use blessed candles and pray and fast during the 3 Days. Very interesting. There are Old and New Testament references to this event. I am not a Biblical exegete so I take it on Faith.

  10. Ken says:

    Hi Dr. LaViolette,

    I've started reading mainstream articles stating that they are all but certain the cloud will be eaten by the galactic center. Do you agree with this?

    Any news on what the cloud contains?

    Thanks!

    • Paul LaViolette says:

      I doubt if the cloud will be "eaten" by the core since the core's wind would likely push the gas away, in spite of the ore's gravitational attraction. Only if the cloud contains a star with companion(s) will something likely make it in.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.